is redevelopment? Why does it happen?
Redevelopment is a process in which deteriorated or obsolete houses and
buildings are altered or replaced to accommodate new, and sometimes different,
land uses. Redevelopment is a natural, inevitable process. But it can,
and should, be guided by the community according to a vision and plan.
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are some common redevelopment terms?
- Brownfield: Land
that has been used for industrial or commercial purposes, which is contaminated
or perceived to be contaminated.
- Greenfield: Vacant land that has never been developed.
- Grayfield: A
deteriorating or abandoned mall or shopping center, or other vacant land
that is mostly paved over.
- Developer: A person or company who builds or significantly alters
a permanent building.
- Density: The number of residences (houses, apartment units, or
condominium units) permitted on an acre of land, e.g., 15 units per acre.
- Future Land Use Plan: A local government regulatory document
and map that govern the types of development (such as residential or commercial)
that are allowed on each parcel of land in the community.
- Intensity: The amount of non-residential development on a parcel
of land. There are two measures of intensity. Floor area ratio (FAR) is
based on the amount of building square footage relative to the area of
the parcel. For example, a five-story office tower would have a higher
FAR than a one-story office building on the same size parcel. Impervious
surface ratio (ISR) is based on the square footage of the buildings, pavement,
and anything else that covers the ground, relative to the area of the parcel.
For example, on the same size property, a large surface parking lot would
have a higher ISR than a compact parking garage surrounded by grass.
- Infill Parcel: A vacant or underutilized lot in the middle of
a built-up area.
- Land Development Code: A local government regulatory document
that governs the way land can be developed or redeveloped, including how
dense or intense it can be, how far away from other buildings it must be,
and other characteristics.
- Livability: A collection of qualities that make a community an
attractive, safe, and enjoyable place to live.
- Mixed-Use: A type of development or redevelopment in which different
land uses are placed close together, sometimes in the same building. For
example, retail shops with apartments located above them are considered
- New Urbanism: A style of urban planning
that imitates the design of downtowns and neighborhoods built before World
War II. New urbanist communities are higher-density than modern suburbs,
have more mixed-use development, and are designed to encourage more walking,
bicycling, and transit use.
Districts: Areas designated by local governments, in which investments
are made to attract certain types of redevelopment.
- Smart Growth: A philosophy of regional development that advocates
higher-density development and redevelopment of existing cities, limits
on sprawl development, and protection of rural open space.
- Sprawl: The outward expansion of low-density, automobile-dependent
suburban development from existing urban areas.
regulations govern redevelopment?
- All developments and redevelopments must adhere to state, county, and local
regulations, including future land use plans and land development codes.
Exceptions or changes to these regulations can be made, but only after
a thorough review by local government staff, citizen planning boards, and/or
elected officials at a public hearing.
- Additional guidance is provided by Pinellas by Design: The
Economic Development and Redevelopment Plan for the Pinellas Community, a countywide document produced by the Pinellas by Design effort, which
is designed to help local governments create regulations and make decisions
that meet the goals of their communities.
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all redevelopments the same?
- No. Most redevelopments are initiated, and paid for, entirely by a private
developer who is acting independently.
However, some redevelopment projects that would be beneficial to a community
may be too expensive or risky for developers acting alone. Therefore, many
local governments sponsor partnered redevelopment, in which a developer
agrees to provide a certain kind of redevelopment in cooperation with one
or more public agencies. Examples might include a movie theater complex
in a struggling downtown, or a housing development for low-income residents.
Because public resources are used, these projects are open to greater input
and scrutiny from the community.
redevelopment change my community?
- All communities change and evolve over time, some for the worse, through
age and neglect and others for the better, through ongoing investment and
revitalization. A community's efforts are best spent taking actions to
ensure that the resultant changes are ones that contribute positively to
- Careful planning will help ensure that new buildings and redevelopments
are attractive and fit the character of their surroundings, help make our
streets safer for pedestrians and bicyclists, and create new amenities
such as parks, recreational trails, and pleasant downtown streets.
- It will take a combination of plans, regulations, and incentives to guide
redevelopment in a way that benefits the public. That's where Pinellas by Design comes in.
is economic development? What does it have to do with redevelopment?
Economic development takes
place when local governments work with the business sector to attract and
retain employers by marketing the community to new companies and addressing
the needs of existing businesses. The goal is to create and maintain well-paying
jobs, produce higher average incomes, and allow local governments to maintain
a healthy tax base without unfairly burdening either residents or employers.
As we approach buildout, redevelopment is becoming a vital component of
economic development. The lack of greenfield land makes it more difficult
for new businesses to locate here, or for existing ones to expand. If this
situation is not addressed through redevelopment, over time, existing businesses
may be forced to move to other counties - taking well-paying jobs with
them - and few new ones will move in to replace them. With planned redevelopment,
aging buildings can be upgraded or replaced, and land can be recycled to
accommodate the needs of new or expanding employers, helping ensure that
high wage employers continue to come to, and remain in, the county.
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are the goals of the Pinellas by Design plan?
- To protect and improve quality of life for residents, visitors, and
- To help Pinellas County compete with other regions for the high wage
jobs and skilled workers we need to sustain and grow our economy.
- To ensure that there is sufficient land to accommodate new businesses,
and allow existing ones to expand.
- To balance the employment, housing, and transportation needs of the
- To help Pinellas County remain an attractive and competitive tourist
- To preserve the character of our residential neighborhoods.
- To support a variety of transportation options, including walking,
biking, and efficient transit.
- To provide more residential options, such as downtowns and transit
corridors, to complement our established neighborhoods.
- To direct redevelopment to places where it is most appropriate.
- To encourage public/private redevelopment partnerships.
- To protect our beautiful beaches, maintain scenic views, and reward
- To create places of special value to the community, such as town
centers, arts districts, and public plazas.
- To build a community that invites creativity, innovation, and entrepreneurship.
can I get involved in the redevelopment of my community?
The best way to get involved is to keep informed of local redevelopment
projects and issues through the newspaper, TV, radio, and local
government websites. Other options include joining neighborhood associations,
participating with civic groups, and attending public hearings. You can
also express your views on redevelopment issues by calling, writing, or
emailing your elected officials, and by writing to your local newspaper.
To learn more about redevelopment and Pinellas by Design, visit our library
surveys, slideshows, and other publications. For specific information contact
Most importantly, you can join in the Pinellas by Design effort by attending
our events, keeping up with the latest news, and signing up for our mailing
list. We need your input, so get involved today!
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